Energy: renewables such as solar, wind, geothermal, hydropower, along with low-carbon energy technology such as hydrogen, nuclear and fusion. Energy storage and smart grids.
Industrials: carbon capture utilisation and storage, and technologies in industrial processes to reduce emissions and low carbon manufacturing processes designed to reduce emissions. Sustainable materials such as bioplastics and circular materials.
Transport: electrification and charging infrastructure. Developing and deploying low-carbon fuels, such as hydrogen and biofuels and synthetic fuels.
Built Environment: Improving building design to be more energy efficient, including heating, insulation and ventilation. Green building materials and infrastructure.